you want to know what the difference there is between a criminal lawyer and a civil lawyer, you will first need to know what criminal law and civil law is. Civil law deals with conflicts between people, the individuals can have a dispute relating another person, an organization, or a business. The civil law has the authority to resolve the disputes through money rewarding that may be offered to compensate the damage occurred. On the other hand, criminal law deals with all the disputes taken place in the criminal world, for example, theft, murder, rape, drug possession, and child abuse. All these crimes are punishable and the final punishment for the criminal is decided by the judge. Now you should know how the case is filed in both the above mentioned cases. When the case falls in the category of civil law then the case is filed by a private party who is called a “plaintiff.” A plaintiff is a person who sues another party who ultimately becomes the defendant. While, when the case falls in the category of criminal law the case is filed by the government. The local state or the federal government which is then represented through a lawyer in the prosecutor’s office. The party or individual that has been accused is the defendant.
Following are the differences between a criminal attorney and a public attorney:
- Jury opinion to Find TheLawyer
When you talk of the civil law, the jury must not agree completely on the matter. Laws may vary when it comes to the state and the country. Wholly, the juries are never involved in civil law cases. It is the judges who have to make sure that law wins over passion. On the other hand, the defendant can not be declared guilty if the jury does not agree unanimously on the decision.
- Burden of proof
In a case that is dealt by civil law tally, the civil attorney hired by the defendant is the one who has the burden to prove his client innocent and the defendant as the guilty one. It is virtually the responsibility of the plaintiff’s lawyer to investigate and collect proofs that are in favour of his client and against the their defendant. In some cases the burden of collecting proofs shifts to the defendant. So now the defendant has to hire an attorney to help defend himself/herself. In this case if the plaintiff’s attorney succeeds in proving the defendant guilty, the defendant might even have to pay a million dollars for the damage caused. This is done for a fair treatment to the innocent plaintiff who might have been injured, or have gone through loss of property or money due to the defendant. So actually its a way to give the plaintiff justice. This might sound a bit unfair on the defendant’s part when their are cases in which only 60 percent of the plaintiff’s claims are right but you never know what twist there was in the story.